A Beginner's List of Plants for a Shady Landscape in Dallas and Fort Worth



 

KEY:

E

evergreen

B

attracts birds or butterflies

D

drought resistant in full sun with reflected heat

S

shade tolerant

P

tolerates poor drainage can be used in parkways and other places where roots are confined and drainage periodically may be poor

F

very showy in flower, fruit or fall foliage; FF indicates more than one showy characteristic

X

Cross Timbers or Trinity sands only, not in the Black Clays or Limestone


CONTENTS:
Canopy Trees

Small / Ornamental Trees

Shrubs
Perennials and Ground Covers
Annuals

Grasses


CANOPY TREES
Common Name Key Scientific Name

Shumard Red Oak

DF

Quercus shumardii

Bur Oak

D

Quercus macrocarpa

Chinquapin Oak

D

Quercus muhlenbergii

Cedar Elm

DPBF

Ulmus crassifolia

Pecan Tree

B

Carya illinoinensis

Bald Cypress

PF

Taxodium distichum

Texas Ash

DPBF

Fraxinus texensis

Eastern Red Cedar

EDBF

Juniperus virginiana

Western Soapberry

DSBF

Spindus drummondii

Live Oak

DE

Quercus virginiana

 

SMALL / ORNAMENTAL TREES
Common Name Key Scientific Name

Mexican Plum

DSBFF

Prunus mexicana

Redbud (Eastern/Texas hybrid)

DSBF

Cercis canadensis

Rusty Blackhaw

SBFF

Viburnum rufidulum

Eve’s Necklace

DSFF

Sophora affinia

Cherry Laurel

ESB

Prunus caroliniana

Carolina Buckthorn

DPSBF

Rhamnus caroliniana

Possumhaw

PSBF

Ilex decidua

Rough Leaf Dogwood

PSBFF

Cornus drummondii

 

SHRUBS

Common Name Key Scientific Name

Aromatic Sumac

DBF

Rhus aromatica

American Beauty Berry

PSBF

Callicarpa americana

Coralberry (Indian Currant)

DSF

Symphoricarpos orbiculatus

White Honeysuckle

SBF

Lonicera alba

 

PERENNIALS and GROUND COVERS
Common Name Key Scientific Name

Turk’s Cap

DSBFF

Malvaviscus arborcus drummondii

Rockrose

DBF

Pavonia lasiopetala

Autumn Sage

DBF

Salvia greggii

Wood Fern

S

Dryopteris normatis

Texas Gold Columbine

ESBF

Aquilegia "Texas Gold"

Lyre-leaf Sage

ESF

Salvia lyrata

Missouri Violet

ESF

Viola missouriensis

Baby Blue Eyes

SBF

Nemophila phaceliodes

Fragrant Phlox

SBF

Phlox pilosa

Mexican Petunia

SBF

Ruellia brittoniana

Katy Mexican Petunia

SBF

Ruellia brittoniana ‘Katy’

Spiderwort

SF

Tradescantia occidentalis

Tropical Sage

PSBF

Salvia coccinea

Gregg’s Blue Mistflower

DSBF

Eupatorium greggii

Blue Mistflower

DSBF

Eupatorium havanense

Blue Mistflower

DSBF

Eupatorium colestinum

Fall Obedient Plant

PF

Physostegia virginiana

Purple Coneflower

BF

Echinacea purpurea ‘Swan’

Frostweed

DSFB

Verbesina virginica

Virginia Creeper

DSF

Parthenocissus quinquefolia

Frogfruit

DPSBF

Phyla nodiflora

Mexican Petunia

SF

Ruellia runyoni

Mexican Petunia

SF

Ruellia nudiflora

Pidgeon Berry

SFF

Rivina humilia

Horseherb

EDSF

Calyptocarpus vialis

Mexican Petunia

SF

Ruellia humilis

Mist Flower

DPSFB

Eupatorium odoratum

Mixt Flower

DPSFB

Eupatorium wrightii

 

ANNUALS
Common Name Key Scientific Name

Chile pequin

SFFB

Capsicum annuum

 

GRASSES
Common Name Key Scientific Name

Inland Sea Oats

DSF

Chasmanthium latifolium

Sedges

E

Carex